Yoga is a science of life and an art of living that originates from ancient India over tens of thousands of years ago. It is a system which overhauls all aspects of the human personality and is an integrated system of education for the body, mind and spirit. It has its philosophical aspects too and is recognized as one of the six systems of Indian philosophy. It has its practical side also in the form of asana, pranayama, meditation etc., which are better understood by most people than its philosophy.
The word yoga means “unity” or “oneness” and is derived from the Sanskrit word “yuj” which means “to join” or to “yoke”. The union referred to in yoga is that of the “ jivatma,” or individual soul, and the “paramatma” or the universal soul, . In other words, it is the union one’s of individual energy with universal energy. The aim of all yoga practice is to achieve Truth, wherein the individual soul identifies itself with the supreme soul.
Hatha yoga has become the most well-known and widely practiced yoga in the world today. Hatha yoga is primarily concerned with the physical discipline of classical yoga, with an emphasis on yoga poses (Asanas), energetic breathing (Pranayama) and yoga purification (Shatkarmas) for the benefit of physical health and spiritual growth. With sincere devotion the , constant and steady practice of Hatha yoga, leads one to maintain balance and harmony between the body, mind and energy.
The word Hatha is Sanskrit and is derived from the two roots “Ha” meaning Sun, which represents pranic or vital energy, and “Tha” meaning Moon, which represents mind or, mental energy. The meeting of these two energies animating the human body, is the objective of all yogic techniques. In this way, Hatha yoga means the perfect synchronization or Union of the pranic and mental energies, for awakening the higher consciousness.